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ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯಹೇಗೆ ಬಂತು? ‘ಅಮೆರಿಕಾನ ನೀ ತಿಳಿಯೋ ಮನುಜ’

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ನಮ್ಮ ವೆಬ್‌ ಪೋರ್ಟಲ್‌ನ ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಖಾಸಾ ಮಿತ್ರರ ಬಳಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಶ್ರೀವತ್ಸ ಜೋಷಿ ಅವರು ಒಬ್ಬರು. ಮೂಲತಃ ಕಾರ್ಕಳದವರು. ಸದ್ಯ ಅಮೆರಿಕಾದಲ್ಲಿ ನೆಲೆಸಿರುವ ಜೋಶಿ ವೃತ್ತಿಯಿಂದ ಇಂಜಿನಿಯರ್‌, ಪ್ರವೃತ್ತಿಯಿಂದ ಶತಾಂಶ 100 ಪರ್ತಕರ್ತರು. ಅವರು ಬಿಡುವಿನ ವೇಳೆಯನ್ನು ಹೇಗೆ ಕಳೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ ಎನ್ನುವುದಕ್ಕೆ ಸಾಕ್ಷಿ Let Us Know US series (E-Bulletin). ಇದನ್ನು ನಾನು ‘ ಅಮೆರಿಕಾನ ನೀ ತಿಳಿಯೋ ಮನುಜ’ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತೇನೆ. ಸಾಮಯಮಿಕವಾದ ವಿಚಾರ, ಸಂಗತಿಗಳನ್ನು ಆಯ್ದುಕೊಂಡು ಅದರ ಮೇಲೆ ವಸ್ತುನಿಷ್ಠವಾಗಿ ಬೆಳಕು ಚೆಲ್ಲುವ ಅವರ ಆಕಾಂಕ್ಷೆ ಮತ್ತು ಪ್ರಯತ್ನ ಬೆರಗು ಹುಟ್ಟಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ನಾಳೆ ಅಮೆರಿಕಾ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆ . ಆ ನಿಮಿತ್ತ , ಆ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ಹೇಗೆ ಬಂತು ? ಎಂಬ ಬಗ್ಗೆ ಬೆಳಕು ಚೆಲ್ಲುವ ಮಾಹಿತಿ ಪೂರ್ಣ ಲೇಖನವನ್ನು ಈ ಬಾರಿಯ ಬುಲೆಟಿನ್‌ನಲ್ಲಿ ವಿವರಿಸಿದ್ದಾರೆ. ಅವರ ಲೇಖನವನ್ನು ಇಮೇಲ್‌ನಿಂದ ಕಾಪಿ ಪೇಸ್ಟ್‌ ಮಾಡಿ ಕೊಡುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ. ಇದು ನಿಮ್ಮ ಬುಧವಾರದ ಓದಿಗೆ ಗ್ರಾಸವಾಗುತ್ತದೆಂಬ ಎಣಿಕೆ ನನ್ನದು. ಓದಿ.

ಕನ್ನಡ ಅಂತರ್‌ಜಾಲದ ನಮ್ಮ ಮನೆಮಂದಿಯರಲ್ಲಿ ಒಬ್ಬರಾದ ಹಿರಿಯರೂ ಮತ್ತು ಅಂಕಣಕಾರರು ಆದ ಶ್ರೀ . ಶಿಕಾರಿಪುರ ಹರಿಹರೇಶ್ವರ ಅವರು ಅಮೆರಿಕಾ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರದ ಇತಿಹಾಸ ಕುರಿತು ಕಳೆದ ವರ್ಷ ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಬೆಳಕು ಚೆಲ್ಲಿದ್ದರು. ಆ ಲೇಖನ ನಿಮ್ಮ ಮರು ಓದಿಗೆ ನೆರವಾಗಲಿ ಎಂದು ಆಶಿಸುತ್ತಾ ಲೇಖನವನ್ನು ಉಗ್ರಾಣದಿಂದ ಎತ್ತಿ ತಂದಿದ್ದೇನೆ.

ನಿಮಗೆ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ ದಿನಾಚರಣೆಯ ಶುಭಾಶಯಗಳು. [ಅಮೆರಿಕ ಸ್ವಾತಂತ್ರ್ಯ ಹಬ್ಬ]

- ಶಾಮಸುಂದರ ಎಸ್ಕೆ.

ಸಂಪಾದಕ.

Friends in USA,

This is theIndependence Day special issue of Let us know US. Muder Kothawala my friend, wrote to me last week: "Joshi, I have a suggestion ...Since most of the people dont know how US got independence, why dont you prepare a brief writeup on USA Independence. Like how US got independence, what are the major events that took place to get independence, and so on...?". He is right. Except for the fact that its one more probable Long weekend (like this year/next year), we dont know much about what "Independence Day" means here.

Independence Day is the national holiday of the United States of America commemorating the signing of the Declaration of Independence by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

At the time of the signing, the US consisted of 13 colonies under the rule of Englands King George III. There was growing unrest in the colonies concerning the taxes that had to be paid to England. This was commonly referred to as "Taxation without Representation" as the colonists did not have any representation in the English Parliament and had no say in what went on. As the unrest grew in the colonies, King George sent extra troops to help control any rebellion. In 1774 the 13 colonies sent delegates to Philadelphia Pennsylvania to form the First Continental Congress. The delegates were unhappy with England, but were not yet ready to declare war.

In April 1775 as the Kings troops advanced on Concord Massachusetts, Paul Revere sounded the alarm "The British are coming, the British are coming...." as he rode his horse through the late night streets. The battle of Concord and its "shot heard round the world" marked the unofficial beginning of the colonies war for Independence. The following May the colonies again sent delegates to the Second Continental Congress. For almost a year the congress tried to work out its differences with England, again without formally declaring war.

By June 1776 their efforts had become hopeless and a committee was formed to compose a formal declaration of independence. Headed by Thomas Jefferson, the committee included John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Philip Livingston and Roger Sherman. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to write the first draft which was presented to the congress on June 28. After various changes a vote was taken late in the afternoon of July 4th. Of the 13 colonies, 9 voted in favor of the Declaration, 2 ( Pennsylvania and South Carolina) voted No, Delaware undecided and New York abstained.

To make it official, John Hancock, President of the Continental Congress, signed the Declaration of Independence. It is said that John Hancock signed his name "with a great flourish" so "King George can read that without spectacles!." The following day copies of the Declaration were distributed. The first newspaper to print the Declaration was the Pennsylvania Evening Post on July 6, 1776. On July 8th the Declaration had its first public reading in Philadelphias Independence Square. Twice that day the Declaration was read to cheering crowds and pealing church bells. Even the bell in Independence Hall was rung. That "Province Bell" was later renamed "Liberty Bell" after its inscription "Proclaim Liberty Throughout All the Land Unto All the Inhabitants Thereof ".

And although the signing of the Declaration was not completed until August, the 4th of July has been accepted as the official anniversary of United States independence. The first Independence Day celebration took place the following year July 4 1777. By the early 1800s the traditions of parades, picnics, and fireworks were established as the way to celebrate Americas birthday. Congress declared the 4th July a federal holiday in 1941.

And in todays commercial/capitalist World, its one more opportunity for vacationing, to promote Sales, offer discounts and deals. Fortunately till now its not yet been shifted to nearest Monday or Friday.

Next week: One more attractive Quiz is on its way!! There is a fabulous prize this time. A "Jumbo Display Dual Alarm Clock Radio" !!! Watchout for the quizquestions and also picture of the prize, next week.

Some of the forthcoming topics in Let us know US:

  • Difference between Capital and Capitol
  • Who is "Uncle Sam"? Strange ownership of the Ohioriver

Bye for now. Have a nice, patriotic, joyous 4th July celebration.

Regards,

Srivathsa Joshi,

Westmont

English summary
How US got Independence? Let us know US series by Srivatsa Joshi, Westmont
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